ACFTUAll-China Federation of Trade Unions
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However, the ACFTU has its own institutional agenda, seeking to increase its influence while fulfilling its formal responsibility of representing the workers in such a way as to minimize conflict between workers and the party.
During the bargaining between ACFTU and enterprise management, the local governments' preferences might also play an important role.
However, Dan Harris, a partner at Harris & Moure and co-author of the firm's China Law Blog, says that although the Communist Party wants China to believe the unions have teeth, union issues have never come up for any of his corporate clients in China and he believes the ACFTU is controlled by the government.
The ACFTU is considered the largest labor organization in the world, with a membership of almost 170 million, more than 500,000 full-time officials, and more than 1.
Many younger labour scholars seek to promote a less rigid and autocratic relationship between the party-state and the ACFTU so as to promote union autonomy and the long-term interests of workers.
Subsequently, the ACFTU announced it would "blacklist" any foreign company refusing to let its workers unionize.
However, the ACFTU is not a member of the International Federation of Trade Unions (IFTU), as the ACFTU is not an independent organi-sation from the government and the State.
For example, ACFTU Chair Wang Zhao Guo is a Politburo member in the party system and concurrently vice-chair of the National People's Congress (NPC), while the China Enterprise Confederation and China Enterprise Directors Association (CEC-CEDA) President Wang Zhong Yu was a former CC-CPC member and government minister.
There is no doubt that the current leadership of ACFTU is committed to the top-down approach to industrial relations and implicitly or explicitly supports the state repression of industrial conflict and social protest, which has prevented the emergence of independent trade unionism.
On the second day of the strike, the Zhuhai City Labor Bureau and the ACFTU got involved.
A 1993 ACFTU survey identified Kader as one of the province's harshest employers; daily wages were 52 to 64 cents, less than half the official minimum wage.