At the same time there are weaknesses to the AFCCL that the recent expansion makes worse.
This factor is particularly relevant to Eastern Europe, where most of the additions to the AFCCL are located.
The AFCCL process does not require a state to meet important international norms and obligations.
The AFCCL is a flawed but redeemable made-in-Canada arms control instrument.
Thus Saudi Arabia--a state whose government is persistently criticized by international monitors for serious human rights violations--has remained on the AFCCL since its founding in 1991.
The vast majority of Canada's reported military small arms exports (2) are shipped to AFCCL member states (see Figure A).
Thus, the addition of US data to Figure A would emphasize the concentration of Canadian small arms exports to AFCCL states.
While not all reported AFCCL shipments are of automatic weapons, public sources indicate that most shipments are from Diemaco Inc, now operating as Colt Canada, a subsidiary of the US-based Colt Defense Inc.
Most of the volume of small arms exports is determined by AFCCL states.
However, before it is recommended to others, the AFCCL would benefit from at least two amendments that would reduce the risk of the irresponsible use of exported firearms:
The current criteria for a state's inclusion on the AFCCL are weak and susceptible to the financial benefits of new firearms export opportunities.
Given the particularly egregious impact of the trade in small arms and light weapons, the AFCCL should become the Firearms Country Control List (FCCL) and apply to Canadian exports of all firearms.