5 ppb), while the average AFM1 content in milk was 0.
When the same model was fitted with WAZ and WHZ as the dependent variables, exposure to neither AFM1 or total other aflatoxins came out as significant (Table 4 and Table 5).
Overall percentage of AFM1 contamination and concentration levels were found higher in the milk collected from buffalo dairy farms as compared to cow dairy farms.
Hence, it bears the paramount potential for leading AFM1 to the human diet.
Quantification of AFM1 was done using a commercial Helica[R] AFM1 ELISA quantitative kit (Helica Biosystems, Inc.
The AFB1 and AFM1 concentrations in feeds and milk did not follow the normal distribution.
For example indirect AFs exposure refers to ingestion of milk and dairy products with AFM1 carried over from contaminated feed.
5% of samples were found to contain AFM1 at concentrations ranging from 2 pg/ml to 3 ng/ml.
Consumption of such milk may be the principle way for entrance of AFM1 into the human body (Galvano et al.
The AFB1 or AFM1 toxins enter into food chain and accumulate in the adipose tissues of the end consumers.
Aflatoxin contamination in milk occurs in dairy farms and the most effective method to control AFM1 concentration in milk is by reducing aflatoxin B1 contamination of cattle feed through the application of Good Agricultural and Storage Practices .
Fullerton, CA, USA) was used for quantitative detection of AFM1 in the samples, following the manufacturer's instructions.