A higher birthweight, a higher maternal education, and a higher AFQT
score all imply a higher cognitive ability endowment.
I will focus on the composite AFQT
score, which is used as a screening device by the military and has been used in many previous economic studies.
Among Hispanic and white men, the pay gap narrows to 8 percent after adjusting for years of schooling and disappears altogether with the addition of AFQT
We have suggested two ways to improve immigrant quality: a point system that gives immigrants credit for easily observable characteristics and a more detailed testing system that uses tests such as the AFQT
PP and TP families had lower incomes, more children, and lower AFQT
Army recruiters were instructed to find young men who had a high school diploma and an AFQT
score of 50 or higher, which means that recruits had to be from the top half of the mental test distribution.
tank gunner who had a Category IV AFQT
score with one who was Category
To assure comparability of AFQT
scores, the study design included matching respondents by age.
scores reflect achieved academic ability as well as innate cognitive ability and are not the same as IQ test scores, in this section, we present estimates from three empirical studies that model the effects of cognitive ability, proxied by AFQT
scores, on earnings in young adults.
The number of enlistees scoring in the top half of the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT
) has dropped by a third since the mid-1990s, although in FY 2000 Army recruiters achieved a 22-percent increase in "high quality recruits, defined as high-school graduates who scored high" on the AFQT
The Navy brass cited the skills deficit, documented by the AFQT
Ironically, the authors delete from their composite AFQT
score, a timed test of numerical operations because it is not highly correlated with the other tests.