Whereas the AJTC leadership spoke of Jewish gratitude and indebtedness to America for their rise in affluence and influence, Pusey, in his address at a celebration sponsored by the Jewish Community Council of Metropolitan Boston on December 26, 1954, reversed the Jewish apologia and declared that "America should be grateful to the Jews.
However, Baron, chairman of the AJTC Education Committee and a proponent of publication of American Jewish histories, concluded that "both writers have made excellent use of the available data, and presented intelligent, readable summaries which deserve wide circulation.
Zvi Lurie, a former American who lived in Israel and served as member of the Executive of the Jewish Agency, wrote "A Letter to the Tercentenary Committee," in which he questioned some of the decisions the AJTC made.
She was not alone in charging that the AJTC spent too much energy "proving that American Jewry belongs in America.
Despite their challenge to the AJTC, by the summer of 1954 there were as yet no signs of an alternate observance by the Jewish Labor committee.
Furthermore, the Farband Committee denounced the AJTC for warning against participation in the June 19 conference.
On October 16, four days to the official AJTC two-thousand-guest dinner, the Farband Committee sponsored a pageant at Carnegie Hall.
But the Left's challenge to its plans for the Tercentenary demanded that Lessing Rosenwald, president of the American Council for Judaism, be removed as associate national chairman of AJTC.
Yet, the official AJTC was not sensitive to all segments of the Jewish population, and it did not evaluate itself introspectively.
In spite of this, the American Jewish Year Book, the New York Times, and AJTC leaders considered the Tercentenary anniversary a success.