This is a contrast to the alternative model which has been adopted by both ABCAR and APBCA.
APBCA has since launched a new Business Coalition in PNG, Cambodia and Indonesia.
APBCA, linking existing national coalitions to form a regional coalition was not an option as the private sector operating in the region demanded a more policy and intervention focused approach from national coalitions rather than just advocacy, awareness and lobbying.
APBCA has seven national coalition members: Cambodia, Indonesia (IBCA), Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam members must be at least 50% funded by the private sector to be an APBCA member to ensure long-term sustainability.
In line with the organizational models, the boards of APBCA and ABCAR are made up of predominantly private sector companies, whereas the boards of PCBC and PABC are made up solely of national Business Coalition representatives.
APBCA currently has 27 members and offers two levels of membership which includes free membership for not-for-profit companies and research institutes.
APBCA also receives considerable in-kind support from member companies to cover office costs, legal, accounting, travel, secondees and website design and marketing.
In the APBCA and ABCAR model, where funding is sourced predominantly from the private sector, one may question whether conflict may arise.
For example, APBCA recently directed Chevron to support the new Indonesian Business Coalition (IBCA), and ABCAR redirects national organizations to support local national coalitions where they exist.
For example, APBCA has developed a training manual based on the ILO Code of Practice, which could be used across the other regions.
For example, APBCA has considerable experience in establishing new Business Coalitions in the region.