Based on experiences in Afghanistan and Iraq, the Army engineer community recently developed a planning construct for sewer, water, electricity, academics, and trash (SWEAT) systems, which adds fidelity to some of the components of ASCOPE
Combining USAID's Tactical Conflict Assessment and Planning Framework (TCAPF) and incorporating military planning tools such as ASCOPE
and PMESII, the DSF provides a framework to help civilian and military personnel understand complex operating environments.
Using the MDMP process as the tool and ASCOPE
as a specific framework to analyze the area of operation during mission planning can have a very positive impact on a unit's operational success.
When analyzing civilians and their culture, many units use the all-encompassing Civil Affairs doctrinal tool known as ASCOPE
(areas, structures, capabilities, organizations, people, events).
Analytic tools, such as PMESII-PT or ASCOPE
, allow soldiers to identify significant components of an operational environment (OE).
Existing doctrine in the form of PMESII-PT and ASCOPE
is inadequate and insufficient to the task.
In fact, according to FM 3-24, ASCOPE
(areas, structures, organizations, people, and events) and PMESII (political, military, economic, social, infrastructure, and information) doctrinally occur during IPB step 2.
is a sub-taxonomy under civil considerations for METT-TC.
Cadets are introduced to cultural influences, PMESII-PT (political, military, economic, social, information, infrastructure, physical environment, time) and ASCOPE
(areas, structures, capabilities, organizations, people), and events) expand these frameworks during interactive instruction prior to a practical exercise (PE).
All of us must learn the ASCOPE
(Area, Structures, Capabilities, Organizations, People and Events) methodology to refine our awareness of the operational environment.
Honor and self-worth can derive from one's reputation to protect economic and security interests (discussed above), as well as one's role within the ASCOPE
categories, relative to competitors.
As a general rule, I personally analyze weather and terrain (using OAKOC), and then apply ASCOPE
to every aspect of PMESII (the -PT is covered elsewhere) depending upon the mission.