look at the ASMFC
, an interstate governing body that has the power to
was starting to discover what recreational fisherman and commercial fisherman already knew.
daily movements, home ranges) scales may influence the thermal regimes they experience (Cooper and Uzmann, 1980; Lawton and Lavalli, 1995; Watson et al, 1999; Golet et al, 2006; Bowlby et al, 2007; ASMFC
, 2009; Scopel et al, 2009; Goldstein and Watson, 2015).
In 2010, the ASMFC
estimated that the menhaden population had declined to a record low, and was nearly 90 percent smaller than it had been twenty-five years ago.
Having rescued the striped bass from extinction with the aid of Congress, the ASMFC
gradually relaxed its restrictions on the rebounding striped bass fishery to the extent that today, the Atlantic states once again exercise significant regulatory discretion within state waters.
resources of the Red Knot, the ASMFC
may weigh other demands for the
Even with action forcing mechanisms at the disposal of the ASMFC
, consensus is the key mechanism of action.
For the first time ever, the ASMFC
imposed a limit on the menhaden reduction industry, restricting its annual catch in the Chesapeake for the next five years to around 117,000 tons, its average catch for the last five years.
Still, at long last, due to the unprecedented demand from environmental and fishing groups that something be done, the ASMFC
began to take notice.
uses a hooking mortality rate assumption of 8 percent, which would give an estimate of the mortality of released fish in all Maryland waters throughout the entire year of about 200,000.
polyphemus is the prefeiTed bait source for the whelk (Buscyon carica, Buccinum undatum, and Busycotypus canaliculatus; ASMFC
, 2012) and eel (Anguilla rostra and Anguilla anguilla; ASMFC
In the fall of 2011, under pressure from conservation groups like CCA, the ASMFC
voted to change the definition of overfished as it applies to menhaden.