, see JAMES CONNELLY & GRAHAM SMITH, POLITICS AND THE ENVIRONMENT 160-62 (1999).
Among the features it introduces are Integrated Pollution Control (IPC), the |Polluter Pays' principle and BATNEEC which stands for the |best available techniques not entailing excessive cost'.
Compliance with BATNEEC and other conditions of authorisation puts the onus on operators to keep techniques under constant review and to up-date them in line with improvements in technology nationally and internationally.
Alternatives (such as aqueous, semi-aqueous, and mechanical cleaning) are available but have technological or cost restrictions which, in the MFA's view, would not support the Government's favoured BATNEEC
principle (best available techniques not entailing excessive cost).
Martin Key, principal environmental health officer, local authority unit, air quality division of the Department of the Environment, talked about the second, and to him fell the task of defining BATNEEC
Using the principles of BATNEEC
(Best Available Techniques Not Entailing Excessive Cost) a number of approaches are now available depending on the heavy metal to be removed and the discharge limit to be achieved currently and the future.
This document gives the levels expected by the 'best available techniques not entailing excessive cost' -- known as a BATNEEC