Like Bawo, Oware sometimes has two larger or deeper "stock" pits positioned at the ends of the normally raised wooden board, carved like a stool, in which captured seeds are kept.
Omweso allows capture from both front and rear rows but in Bawo only the pits in the front row are at risk.
Some Bawo moves allow a "stop" or "continue" decision if they are captured moves that terminate in the nyumba.
A cursory examination reveals that the Bawo board can usefully serve as a counting apparatus.
tackles what it is to be the wife of a newly appointed Black business leader who, after years of relative poverty, suddenly has an abundance of wealth at her disposal.
Unlike young Liberians such as Bawo
who have known little else but a Liberia at war, Lartey, 60, remembers a different country in his youth and young adulthood.
As an extension of it, she uses the label "Greater Luangan" (2011:21) for those culturally related groups who live further away from this center, such as the Benuaq, Bawo
, Lawangan and other Taboyan.
Another form of healing ritual, but with much more vigorous dancing and drumming, is the belian bawo
, which was last performed in the Lempunah longhouse in 1976, on the occasion of a gugu tautn ritual (Photo 26, Beliatn Nuncutn).
This is a luangan style ritual, a ritual focused on words and images, not on dancing and trancing, characteristics of bawo and sentiu curing.
In contrast to belian sentiu and belian bawo, which are characterized by the use of a special shamanic costume, (30) as well as by distinctive music and dancing (melodic and beautiful in the case of sentiu, rhythmic and violent in the case of bawo), and occasionally by trance behavior, the luangan style relies almost solely on words (chanting) and objects (figures, ritual paraphernalia) in negotiating with the spirits.
Whereas belian bawo was introduced to the Luangan area from the Pasir region to the southeast a couple of centuries ago, and belian sentiu was introduced from Benuaq Dayaks to the northeast during the 20th century, belian luangan is said to have been created by early mythical Luangan ancestors in the central parts of the Luangan area.
The increasing presence of the Dutch beginning in the late eighteenth century also at first led to greater economic uncertainties and caused Dayak migration toward the interior (according to my own data, the ethnogenesis of some Bawo
or hill Dayak in the area reflect the same influence).