BEKPBleached Eucalyptus Kraft Pulp
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This study aimed to analyze and quantify the environmental impacts associated with the production of BEKP in China, which is supplied by large-scale eucalyptus plantations.
In order to make the results of this study comparable to existing international studies, 1 air-dried ton (ADT) of BEKP with 10 percent moisture content ready at the pulp mill gate was defined as the functional unit.
For the pulp mill subsystem, a Kraft pulp mill with an annual capacity of 400,000 tons of pulp in Hunan province was considered a representative manufacturer with "state of the art" technology in producing BEKP, and it was selected as the case study.
The increase in the company's operating cash flow was due to higher average BEKP prices and increased sales volumes.
Should prices for BEKP fall below $600 per ton during 2009 and 2010, Aracruz's total debt-to-EBITDA ratio and its FFO adjusted leverage ratio could both climb to above 3x.
Through the first nine months of 2006 the company's cash cost of production was one of the lowest in the world, averaging US$190 per ton of BEKP.