In addition to assessing each BFRB separately, we also compared participants who denied the presence of any BFRBs (N=29) to those who endorsed at least one BFRB (N=22).
The frequency of each BFRB in our sample was comparable to that found in other non-clinical youth samples (Selles et al.
In addition to examining each BFRB separately, we compared the group of participants who endorsed at least one BFRB to those who denied engaging in any BFRBs.
Finally, we investigated the relationship between BFRB severity and distress/impairment with various clinical characteristics.
9 Table 2 Group Comparisons of Affective and Behavioral Problems by Type of BFRB Skin pickers Non-pickers (n=7) (n=44) M (SD) M (SD) Affective problems 9.
While BFRBs may not be problematic for some people, they have been associated with adverse physical consequences such as tissue damage, permanent scarring, and infection, and psychological outcomes including poor self-evaluation and concern about others' evaluation of the person engaging in BFRBs (Bohne et al.
Despite the clinical relevance, BFRBs have been understudied, especially in children and adolescents, both in terms of their incidence and associations with emotional and behavioral problems.
Several studies have been conducted to date on the incidence of BFRBs and their correlation with emotional and behavioral symptoms.
Presence of BFRBs and Behavioral and Emotional Functioning
Severity of BFRBs and Behavioral and Emotional Functioning
We also examined whether participants who endorsed BFRBs differed from those who did not in terms of a variety of internalizing and externalizing symptoms.