No attempt to date has tried to understand the development of FMS through BFST.
The BFST concept of chronic anxiety parallels precisely the pattern that Sapolsky identified and is measured by the PSS.
However, testable assumptions are embedded within BFST.
The findings of this study support several assumptions of BFST.
This study investigated the heuristic value of several assumptions of BFST for understanding FMS.
In order to promote recruitment and adherence to the project's data collection, families were paid for each evaluation and for completion of the BFST or EDSP sessions.
The BFST, EDSP and CONT groups were demographically similar (see Table I).
TABLE 1 Demographics of Treated and Normative Sample BFST EDSP CONT Normative Group Group Group Sample N 39 40 40 398 Mean Age (yrs.
As previously stated and reviewed in detail elsewhere (Wysocki, White, Bubb, Harris, & Greco, 1995), the subjects receiving BFST participated in 10 sessions of family therapy targeting problem-solving, communication skills, irrational beliefs, and structural family problems (Greco, Harris, & Wysocki, 1996).
Along with other measures (Wysocki, White, Bubb, Harris, & Greco, 1995), participants completed the Diabetes Responsibility and Conflict Scale (DRC) prior to treatment and three months later, following completion of 10 sessions of BFST or 10 EDSP groups.
A meta-analytic technique was used to assess the clinical significance of BFST in decreasing diabetes-related conflict between youths with DM1 and their parent(s).
In the BFST group, mother scores on the DRC were approximately 3/4 of a standard deviation above the normative untreated sample mean placing them at approximately the 77th percentile on the DRC.