BIICL

AcronymDefinition
BIICLBritish Institute of International and Comparative Law
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BIICL recognized that it first needed a clear understanding of the preclusive effects of domestic judgments in the national courts of the participating European countries.
Following completion of the national reports, BIICL prepared a comparative table that summarized and compared the national reports.
84) While all nine countries surveyed in the BIICL Judgments Project accord claim preclusive effect to judgments, (85) they do not employ a shared definition of the scope of the claim or the claim preclusive effect.
139) The BIICL Report notes that "[t]his may occur in the context of group and representative actions.
142) The country reports prepared in connection with the BIICL Judgments Project reveal both an increasing willingness on the part of the participating European countries to experiment with group litigation (143) and a cautious attitude regarding the preclusion of claims held by represented nonparties.
146) Let us analyze the results of the BIICL Judgments Project with these two models in mind, seeking to understand both the circumstances in which the participating European countries authorize group litigation and the extent to which they accord preclusive effect to the judgments rendered therein.
Many of the jurisdictions surveyed in the BIICL Judgments Project permit some type of representative action.
In addition to the United States, three other countries participating in the BIICL Judgments Project--Sweden, Spain, and France-permit group actions that seek monetary relief.
Como bien sostiene el Informe del BIICL, esto significa en la practica, que en los litigios donde utilizan tecnologia satelital como prueba, los jueces se basan en la opinion del experto--que necesariamente debe ser llamado a interpretar--y no directamente en la informacion satelital.
El problema, como fuera descrito por el grupo de trabajo del BIICL y mencionado en el informe de Nueva Delhi de la comision de la ILA, se manifesto con claridad en las disputas limitrofes sometidas a la CIJ en anos recientes: Nigeria/ Camerun (sentencia del 10 de octubre de 2002), Botswana/Namibia (13 de diciembre de 1999) y Qatar/Bahrein (23 de marzo de 2001), asi como en el arbitraje Yemen/Eritrea (laudo del 17 de diciembre de 1999).
Tanto el grupo de trabajo del BIICL como la autora coinciden en la necesidad de elaborar normas internacionales sobre los metodos de produccion de imagenes satelitales ante tribunales.
El Informe Final del BIICL se titula Earth Observation Data in the Legal Sector y se accede a su contenido en el sitio del BIICL (www.