Every surgical bypass and each endovascular intervention has to establish direct flow through at least one vessel to the foot to meet the criteria for a successful reperfusion.
This led to the concept of in situ bypass grafting, where the vein was not reversed at all, but vein valves were atraumatically cut, thus allowing for the flow of blood distally down the vein.
When the only possible bypass outflow site is one of the foot arteries, femoro-pedal or popliteal pedal bypass remains the only option.
As discussed in the introduction, retired singles may hold life insurance because of its ability to bypass the probate process, its high liquidation value relative to other assets, or its liquidity-improving effects.
Particularly, life insurance death benefits have a higher value than conventional assets upon death as they can be distributed directly to designated beneficiaries to bypass the probate process and hence incur zero cost of waiting.
However, notice that life insurance death benefits can be paid directly to designated beneficiaries to bypass the probate process and hence avoid any costs of waiting.