Additionally, 24 (42 per cent) of the 62 officials had CCYL experience.
TABLE 1 NINE TYPES OF LEADERSHIP AND IMPLEMENTATION PREFERENCES CCYL experience Both positive PPP is Both positive (1) pioneering the central One negative, (4) pioneering government one positive Both negative (7) bandwagoning CCYL experience One positive, Both negative one negative PPP is Both positive (2) pioneering (3) bandwagoning the central One negative, (5) bandwagoning (6) resisting government one positive Both negative (8) resisting (9) resisting Source: The authors study.
8220;My teacher training experience has been life changing,” stated Paula Hudson, recent graduate of the CCYL program.
To date, The Center for Living Well has certified CCYL teachers in Arizona, Florida, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Canada.
Thanks to his father's strong support in the 1980s to former General Secretary Hu Yaobang, a liberal reformist with CCYL background, Xi Jinping was probably acceptable to Hu Jintao.
Li stayed in Beijing until 1998 when he left the CCYL Central Committee and was directly shifted to serve as the Deputy Party Secretary of Henan Province.
The appointments of the CCYL and taizidang political figures are favourable for Hu Jintao.
Although it is difficult to trace each leader's exact association with Hu Jintao during this period, one can reasonably assume that Hu and most of these leaders have known each other through CCYL work for a few decades.
Former Minister of Health Zhang Wenkang is a member of the Shanghai Gang and former Mayor of Beijing Meng Xuenong worked as Secretary of the Beijing CCYL Committee in the early 1980s when Hu Jintao served as Secretary of the CCYL National Committee.
Seven are CCYL Group members: Zhang Baoshun of Shanxi, Li Keqiang of Liaoning, Qian Yunlu of Heilongjiang, Li Yuanchao of Jiangsu, Wang Yang of Chongqing, Zhang Qingli of Tibet and Wang Lequan of Xinjiang.
CCYL Group provincial Party Secretaries may increase from seven to nine with some modi.
On the whole, the Shanghai Gang has suffered serious damage with Chen Liangyu's removal; the princelings have made some gains; and the CCYL Group has garnered greater prominence.