CD4


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AcronymDefinition
CD4Cluster Difference 4
References in periodicals archive ?
Altogether, only 21% of patients were diagnosed with HIV and staged for treatment eligibility on the same day, in part because HIV diagnosis, testing and staging were carried out at three different locations within the clinic site, leading some patients to defer their CD4 test owing to the waiting time involved.
The studies conducted in paediatric population have shown relatively stable CD4 per cent in different age groups in children and hence, usually CD4+ T cell percentages are referred for monitoring children with HIV infection and management of ART (43-46).
6 Laboratory parameters Lab A (52 observations) Mean 25th centile CD4 count at 12 h (cells/ul) 373 181 CD4 count at 24 h (cells/ul) 359 177 CD4 % at 12 h 17 10 CD4 % at 24 h 17 10 Lab B (52 observations) Mean 25th centile CD4 count at 12 h (cells/ul) 396 185 CD4 count at 24 h (cells/ul) 389 183 CD4 % at 12 h 18 11 CD4 % at 24 h 18 10 Lab C (51 observations) Mean 25th centile CD4 count at 12 h (cells/ul) 439 249 CD4 count at 24 h (cells/ul) 431 233 CD4 % at 12 h 18 10 CD4 % at 24 h 18 10 Mean time to running CD4 tests (h) First CD4 Second CD4 Lab A 12.
Among 35-year-old women and men who had a CD4 count above 200 and a viral load below 400 copies after 1 year of antiretroviral therapy, expected age at death (81 for women and 78 for men) was similar to expected age at death for women and men in the general population of the UK (82 and 78).
Profound enhancement of T cell activation mediated by the interaction between the TCR and the D3 domain of CD4.
CD4 T cells: balancing the coming and going of autoimmune-mediated inflammation in the CNS.
Reynolds S, Sempa J, Kiragga AN, et al Is CD4 monitoring needed among Ugandan patients achieving a virological response to ART?
Zyomyx has developed the world's first, fully quantitative CD4 readout in a POC format.
The diagnosis of PTB/HIV co-infection was based on criteria for diagnosing TB in poor resource settings where there are no facilities and manpower for mycobacterium tuberculosis culture: (a) the diagnostic criteria of TB given in the World Health Organisation (WHO) treatment of tuberculosis guideline for national programmes [5]; (b) specificity of clinical criteria in diagnosing TB patient [6, 10]; (c) Although Mantoux is usually negative in HIV infection because of loss of cell mediated immunity due to depletion of CD4 count, HIV patients who were smear negative for AAFB, but had positive Mantoux test with an area of induration [greater than or equal to]10mm diameter were considered diagnostic for tuberculosis.
Biopsy samples obtained from the gut and respiratory mucosa during chronic infection demonstrated profound mucosal CD4 T cell depletion in all SIV-infected animals, at levels similar to those described in the context of HIV infection.
Rates of liver, renal, and cardiovascular diseases, as well as of non-HIV-related cancers, were all associated with CD4 counts in a group of 1,397 patients who were followed for at least 5 years after enrollment in a study sponsored by the National Institutes of Health.
Developing the technology to improve the collection and transport of CD4 blood samples and making the new CD4 stabilization tube available in Africa exemplify BD's ongoing commitment to providing the developing world with reliable and affordable monitoring technologies for CD4 testing.