The criterion validity was verified through Pearson's r correlation of the ISCS with performance in terms of GPA at the end of the scholastic year (predictive validity) and with SPES, CDSES-SF, and CDDQ
1996), the CDDQ
is a 34-item questionnaire that is based on a career decision-making taxonomy comprising three broad categories: lack of readiness, lack of information, and inconsistent information.
In addition to the category of Lack of Information, the CDDQ
includes an Inconsistent Information category, which measures difficulties in determining information validity.
comprises 44 statements that assess attitudes and beliefs regarding career decision-making.
The means, standard deviations and Cronbach alpha reliabilities of the 10 scales, 3 major categories and total CDDQ
are presented in Table 1.
Nearly all study variables had a medium to Large correlation with one another, signifying a high degree of overlap between the measurement of the CTI and CDDQ
Participants completed paper-and-pencil versions of the RS-14, CDMP, and CDDQ
and a demographic information form.
In the experimental group, the FCA, the CDDQ
, and the CDSES-SF were completed at the beginning (November, 2011) and at the end of the intervention (December, 2011).
Hypothesis 2: EI will also explain a significant percentage of incremental variance compared with both personality traits and the core self-evaluation construct in affecting the three dimensions of career decision-making difficulties measured by the CDDQ
Specifically, the CDDQ
provides multidimensional information about a client's career decision-making difficulties on three levels: (a) the 10 difficulty categories, which are based on the mean responses to the items in each scale; (b) the three major difficulty clusters, which are based on the mean of the three or four scales included in each cluster; and (c) a global level, which is based on the mean of the 10 difficulty scales.
has been used to measure clients' career decision-making difficulties as part of an initial diagnosis or intake (Gati et al.
They found that the relationship between measured career decision-making difficulties, as measured by the CDDQ
, and expressed difficulties were generally high.