These moves silenced the opposition to some extent, although the CDLR continued its activities from London despite being under heavy pressure.
13 1994, with the arrest of Al Awda and Al Hawali together with, according to the CDLR, 1,300 of their followers, in the city of Burayda, Qasim region.
The Saudi authorities promptly arrested the CDLR
leaders, and the senior ulema issued a fatwa declaring the organization illegal.
More recently, the case of the CDLR
, as well as its offshoot group, are other examples of this phenomenon.
Each week, according to Saad al-Faqih, the CDLR faxes its newsletter to 600 distribution points in the kingdom and transmits the same information through e-mail and its World Wide Web home page, a form of communication that makes it virtually impossible for the Saudi authorities to control.
Fandy analyzes six opposition figures and movements: Sheikh Safar al-Hawaii and Salman al-Auda, two preachers whose sermons criticizing the Saudi regime have become widely known through distribution of cassette tapes; Muhammed al-Masaari and the Committee for the Defense of Legimate Rights (CDLR), based in London, which pioneered the use of "post-modern" communications (the fax machine and Internet) to get its message across to followers in the kingdom; Saad al-Faqih and the Movement for Islamic Reform in Arabia (MIRA), a split-off from the CDLR that is also based in London; Usama Bin Laden and the Advice and Reform Committee, the one opposition movement that is activist in nature; and Sheikh Hassan al-Saffar, spiritual leader of the Shia Reform Movement.