Failing to find a distinct relationship between biological sex and CDMSE is similar to the findings that males and females did not differ in CDMSE as reported by Taylor and Betz (1983).
Having a firm sense of CDMSE may encourage one to contemplate currently desired career goals and perhaps make modifications and then pursue modified goals that will lead to career success.
In addressing the negative relationship between CDMSE and EP, it may be explained by exploring, perhaps, the perception an individual has with regards to develop-ing and operating a successful enterprise.
First, is the relationship between CDMSE and POOA, EP, and, CSP.
Based on these arguments, we expected a significant increase in the CDMSE and optimistic attributional style of participants who received the DISCOVER treatment in this investigation.
Participants completed the CDMSES-SF (Betz, Klein, & Taylor, 1996) to evaluate their CDMSE (i.
A 2 (DISCOVER treatment) X 2 (counseling treatment) design was used to evaluate the individual and combined effects of DISCOVER and counseling on participants' CDMSE and career decision-making attributional style.
Depending on the group to which a student was randomly assigned, posttest assessments of CDMSE and career decision-making attributional style were either completed before any intervention, after DISCOVER use only, after counseling only, or after DISCOVER use and a follow-up counseling session.
The mean posttreatment score for CDMSE was significantly higher for students who used DISCOVER (M = 180.
Table 1 reports means and standard deviations for scores on the pre- and posttreatment measures of CDMSE and the Controllability scale of the AACDM across the DISCOVER treatment groups.
Results of this preliminary investigation lend partial support to the notion that DISCOVER enhances the CDMSE and career decision-making attributional style of college students.
Previous research has shown that CDMSE and an optimistic attributional style are related to other desirable career-related variables, such as career decidedness and commitment (Fuqua et al.