CHBHChris Hani Baragwanath Hospital (Soweto, South Africa)
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Most patients (8,961/12,163 [74%]) were enrolled at CHBH.
The incidence of hospitalization for influenza-associated acute LRTI among patients at CHBH was highest for patients ages 0-4 years in all study years and for all influenza subtypes, with the highest incidence for those <1 year of age (Table 1; Figure 2).
Our estimates of incidence also assumed that all persons in Soweto access care at CHBH hospital.
1%), were newly diagnosed at the time of hospitalisation at CHBH.
This paper reports the first published data on paediatric HIV prevalence, disease profile and outcome at CHBH subsequent to widespread implementation of PMTCT and paediatric HIV management programmes.
Our study was a retrospective record review of patients referred by SAPS to the ED at CHBH while using the form 22.
This study found that approximately 1 in 4 (26%) referrals to CHBH were by the SAPS, which is a higher rate than most other published studies.
I gratefully acknowledge the valuable assistance given by members of the following departments/divisions regarding referral of patients, their investigation and treatment: Endocrinology, Surgery, Obstetrics, Paediatrics, Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Anatomical and Chemical Pathology, and Human Genetics of CHBH, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, and the National Health Laboratory Services.
CHBH is the only referral institution in Soweto and serves a vast urban population with a high unemployment rate (estimated at 23%) (12,13) and a largely socially disadvantaged population, a legacy from the apartheid regimen.
All patients admitted to CHBH in 1999, as well as all adults admitted in 1998 with a positive blood culture for PAB, were entered into the study.
Pseudomonas bacteraemia is a major problem at CHBH.
The prevalence of HIV infection in patients presenting for anaesthesia at CHBH is high (29.