In light of the foregoing analysis, the Tribunal considers China to have repeatedly violated the Rules of the COLREGS
over the course of the interactions described by the crew of the Philippine vessels and as credibly assessed in the two expert reports.
Metrics (Real-time Autonomy COLREGS
As such, autonomous UMV will not have to comply with the COLREGS
as they are written.
3d at 1103-04 (explaining relation of COLREGS
to SUA and UNCLOS).
As already discussed, Sea Shepherd's activities clearly violate the UNCLOS, the SUA Convention and the COLREGS
Being able to demonstrate satisfactory autonomous operation that meets the COLREGs
is also pivotal to maritime safety.
Soviet INCSEA agreement was signed, the October 1972 multilateral convention on the international regulations for preventing collisions at sea (commonly known as the COLREGs
or the "rules of the road") (105) (see discussion in "Background") did not yet exist.
Finally, the Ninth Circuit upheld the lower court's conclusion that because Sea Shepherd deliberately navigated close to other ships, it violated COLREGS
apply to "all vessels on the high seas," and they define "vessel" as including "every description of watercraft, including nondisplacement craft and seaplanes, used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on water.
Chinese incident at sea in China's EEZ violated the COLREGs
and Article 94 of UNCLOS, see Jonathan G.
75) Issues remain about the PLAN's and China Coast Guard's adherence to the COLREGS
as well as CUES and how U.
The Defense Department reported to Congress in June 2014 that the PLAN's action was inconsistent with the COLREGS