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COPDChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
COPDCommunity Outreach Program for the Deaf
COPDCouncil on Policy Development
COPDCoronado Police Department (California)
COPDCertificate of Proficiency Dentistry
COPDCouncil of Participating Deans
COPDCentral Office Program Director
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the recent clinical research studies conducted at Shaikh Zayed Hospital Lahore proved that hookah smokers are as prone to develop COPD as cigarette smokers.
COPD affects an estimated 210 million people worldwide and is the fourth leading cause of death.
A variety of inhaler devices are available for COPD medications, and it is important that devices are matched to patients' needs and preferences based on device characteristics and individual patient capabilities.
Highlighting on the early symptoms of COPD, Prof Khan said that coughing, bringing up sputum, and getting out of breath during exercise or exertion are the usual early symptoms.
More than 90 percent of COPD occurs in low and middle income countries where primary cause of disease is tobacco smoke.
A quarter to one-half of the people with COPD do not know they have it, especially in the early stages, dismissing symptoms such as shortness of breath, wheezing, chronic cough and bringing up phlegm as a normal part of aging or an expected consequence of cigarette smoking, Trinidad said.
With the increasing use of high-resolution computed tomography in the assessment of COPD, a high prevalence of bronchiectasis was found among COPD patients, especially those with the moderate-severe disease.
The most significant risk factor for COPD is current or prior tobacco use, and patients who currently smoke often are reluctant to report symptoms.
In the past few years, there has been a growing interest in the field of systemic inflammation in COPD.
Although, the true prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in COPD is unknown, an elevation of pulmonary arterial pressure is reported to occur in 20%-90% of patients when measured by right heart catheterisation with some evidence that pulmonary haemodynamic worsens with worsening airflow obstruction.