Of our COPD
patients, 19 (20%) had a CAT score ranging from 1-10, 48 (50.
One of the recent clinical research studies conducted at Shaikh Zayed Hospital Lahore proved that hookah smokers are as prone to develop COPD
as cigarette smokers.
affects an estimated 210 million people worldwide and is the fourth leading cause of death.
A variety of inhaler devices are available for COPD
medications, and it is important that devices are matched to patients' needs and preferences based on device characteristics and individual patient capabilities.
Highlighting on the early symptoms of COPD
, Prof Khan said that coughing, bringing up sputum, and getting out of breath during exercise or exertion are the usual early symptoms.
More than 90 percent of COPD
occurs in low and middle income countries where primary cause of disease is tobacco smoke.
A quarter to one-half of the people with COPD
do not know they have it, especially in the early stages, dismissing symptoms such as shortness of breath, wheezing, chronic cough and bringing up phlegm as a normal part of aging or an expected consequence of cigarette smoking, Trinidad said.
With the increasing use of high-resolution computed tomography in the assessment of COPD
, a high prevalence of bronchiectasis was found among COPD
patients, especially those with the moderate-severe disease.
Conclusion: A number of ECG abnormalities were seen in patients with COPD
The most significant risk factor for COPD
is current or prior tobacco use, and patients who currently smoke often are reluctant to report symptoms.
In the past few years, there has been a growing interest in the field of systemic inflammation in COPD
Although, the true prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in COPD
is unknown, an elevation of pulmonary arterial pressure is reported to occur in 20%-90% of patients when measured by right heart catheterisation with some evidence that pulmonary haemodynamic worsens with worsening airflow obstruction.