CAST F -- Trevor Berger, Emily Boone, Meirav Cafri
, Alejandro Cerda, Christopher Cerda, Nicholas Cerda, Brianna Feingold, Devorah Gold, Emily Grossman, Julianna Heldt, Brittany Hope, Courtney Kazan, Lindsay Kazan, Shannon Kazan, Emily Kramer, Jake Lipton, Carisa Marconet, Margarita Rodriguez, Rebecca Serot, Noam Soffer, Alyssa Weakley.
Reported usage by men of fat burners, testosterone, and anabolic steroids was higher in both cultures than in Cafri
, van den Berg, and Thompson (2006).
Research supports a strong positive correlation between perceived shortfalls in musculature and low self-esteem (Bartsch, 2007; Bohne, Keuthen, Wilhelm, Deckersbach, & Jenicke, 2002; Cafri et al.
The radical pursuit of muscularity can be characterized by excessive weightlifting (Mc Creary & Sasse, 2000), extreme dieting (Grieve, 2007), perceptions of body size inadequacy (Grieve, 2007), dysmorphic concern (Jorgensen, Castle, Roberts, & Grath-Marnat, 2001), and illegal substance use (prohormones, ephedrine; Cafri et al.
Tenders are invited for Co Canteen Block At Cafri
There is a large body of research that ties a drive for muscularity to MD (Thompson & Cafri
Tenders are invited for Construction of Canteen Block At Cafri
Nrcaf Jhansi U.
, (Eds), The muscular ideal: Psychological, social and medical perspectives (pp.
Many men actually desire a larger body, with more muscle (Bottamini, 2006; Cafri, Strauss, & Thompson, 2002; Gruber, Pope, Borowiecki, & Cohane, 1999; Kimmel & Mahalik, 2004; Phillips, 1996; Ricciardelli & McCabe, 2001, 2004; Spitzer, Henderson, & Zivian, 1999).
Cafri, Thompson, Ricciardeili, McCabe, Smolak, & Yesalis, 2005).
and colleagues (2005) discussed the contemporary pursuit of the muscular ideal among males in which developing a lean, muscular figure has become a central focus.
In light of the evidence in support of the role of muscularity in the way men think about their bodies, Cafri
and Thompson (2004) have called for male body image assessment to centre on muscularity (p.