(1998a) claimed that 'the benchmark at each year level is intended to set a minimum acceptable standard: a critical level of literacy and numeracy without which a student will have difficulty in making sufficient progress at school' (p.
(1996a), Post Program Monitoring Survey, Department of Employment, Education, Training and Youth Affairs, Canberra.
Finally, data on the numbers of long-term and short-term unemployed undertaking LMPs were obtained from the EMB of DEETYA
4% Source: DEETYA
, Selected Higher Education Students Statistics 1990, 1995, 1997
He has recently coauthored an international study for DEETYA
on the likely impact of global media and communications networks on Australian higher education, titled New Media and Borderless Education: A Review of the Convergence between Global Media Networks and Higher Education Provision.
(Dept of Employment, Education, Training and Youth Affairs), 1998.
From 1991 onwards, the states and territories have monitored CRICOS registered courses and have made recommendations to the Commonwealth to suspend or cancel CRICOS registration where necessary (DEET, 1992; DEETYA
Quite quickly those pilot work-for-the-dole projects were expanded to fill 25,000 places for 1998-1999 (Kemp DEETYA
1998:1; Centrelink nd, a).
As the Review recognises, this debate is not fundamental to the current Australian system which already resembles one based on vouchers with tertiary institutions and DEETYA
bargaining over the allocation of subsidised places.
The broad field of study known as `art, humanities and social sciences', the most liberal of the fields in the DEETYA
categories, is no exception.
These policies initially focussed on improving literacy education and providing effective early intervention in the early years of school (Literacy for All, DEETYA
, 1998; The National Literacy Strategy Framework for Teaching, DFEE, 1998; National Literacy Strategy, Ministry of Education (NZ), 2002; Reading First, National Reading Panel, 2000).
Source: Estimates by DEETYA
published in Review of Higher Education Financing and Policy (1998, p.