More generally, in the absence of any formal regulation or intervention by DWAF on behalf of victims of iniquitous and inequitable practices, corporatised (but state-owned) water providers have implemented cost-recovery measures that violate constitutional protections.
za/cals (called DWAF answering affidavit on the website).
DWAF (1994:20) states that improvement of sanitation requires the development and dissemination of appropriate programmes for promotion, training, and health and hygiene education.
According to DWAF (2002a:29), water and sanitation services are sustainable when social considerations are given priority over technical and where affordability and appropriate technology based on local conditions are paramount.
The stakeholders included officials from relevant provincial bodies and departments (such as the Provincial Sanitation Task Team (PSTT), the DWAF, the Departments of Health and Education); local government representatives (such as district municipalities, local government associations); implementing agents (Non Governmental Organisations Coalition and Social consultants); and local community structures (for example, Ward Councillors, traditional leaders, farmers association and Community Policing Forums).
The distribution of groups was as follows: four groups were conducted with PSTT members, six with District Municipality Officials and three with DWAF, one with Mvula Trust and one with RSS.
In addition, DWAF (2004:19) acknowledges that available resources in communities are insufficient to effect all the changes necessary for sanitation improvements.
In this regard, DWAF (2002b:9) has set as its target, the provision of hygiene education to three million households by 2010.
DWAF (2004:6) points out that sanitation improvements require consultation with stakeholders on water and sanitation-related matters.
DWAF (2002a:23) states that planners need to strike a balance between product sophistication, operation and maintenance and cost.
COGTA Minister, Sicelo Shiceka, last year instructed his Director General, Mr Elroy Africa, to urgently facilitate meetings with the DWAF
, the four main banks, NGOs and the private sector to develop a crisis strategy.