employ specific and transparent procedures to evaluate the scientific research , providing an invaluable resource to SLPs seeking evidence.
Such views persisted into the early nineteenth century, and in EBSR, as we will see, Byron employs Scottish stereotypes not only from an English perspective, but he also perpetuates stereotypes about the Scottish Lowlanders from a northern Scottish perspective.
One such Scottish perspective in EBSR appears not within the poem itself, but in a footnote to the text.
Byron's overtly hostile attitude toward the Edinburgh Review and its supporters acquires even more potency in the later editions of EBSR.
Results of this EBSR indicate very little information is available regarding the effects of behavioral dysphagia interventions with patients postcancer.
Abbreviations: ASHA = American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, BOT = base of the tongue, EBSR = evidence-based systematic review, ES = effect size, FOIS = Functional Oral Intake Scale, N-CEP = National Center for Evidence-Based Practice in Communication Disorders, PPW = posterior pharyngeal wall, ROM = range of motion, sEMG = surface electromyography, SLP = speech-language pathologist, UES = upper esophageal sphincter, VA = Department of Veterans Affairs.
This article is the final in a series of three EBSRs of peer-reviewed studies evaluating the use of seven behavioral postures or maneuvers for the treatment of oropharyngeal dysphagia.
Abbreviations: ASHA = American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, EBP = evidence-based practice, EBSR = evidence-based systematic review, N-CEP = National Center for Evidence-Based Practice in Communication Disorders, VA = Department of Veterans Affairs.
EBSR Steps Identify and convene an expert panel of reviewers.
EBSRs provide clinicians with invaluable and time-saving resources when seeking evidence.
The EBSR found that the extent of hyoid movement is inconclusive with regard to the effect of the effortful swallow, while the submental muscles, which are the primary movers for superior-anterior hyoid excursion during swallowing, are activated more during effortful swallowing.
Results of this EBSR indicate that studies fall short of achieving higher levels of evidence in several areas.