A comparison of Tables 4 and 5 shows that the correlations of business cycles in Germany and in other EU countries were on average slightly higher in the 1990s than those predicted by the EOCA indices.
Similarly, equation (4) is used to compute the EOCA indices for Germany and selected countries, which are even higher than the previous figures (see Table 5).
These figures may be alternatively interpreted as EOCA indices, following Bayoumi and Eichengreen (1997).
The purpose of the EOCA Course is to teach skill levels 10 and 20 (from promotable specialists to staff sergeants) combat engineers and selected engineer officers (from second lieutenants to captains) the basic skills and knowledge required to perform as EOCAs.
Upon approval by the Department of the Army and the Army Training Requirements and Resourcing System (ATRRS), EOCA graduates receive training qualification and an additional skill identifier.
Working with the United States Army Engineer School; the Ordnance Munitions and Electronics Maintenance School; the Explosive Ordnance Disposal Training Department at Redstone Arsenal; and the Combined Forces Land Component Command (CFLCC) Engineer Section (C7), the Combined Joint Task Force (CJTF)-76 requested and received approval to conduct the pilot EOCA Course in Afghanistan.
The first phase included an EOCA ammunition terminology examination (a closed-book examination concerning EOCA general safety precautions with UXO), a block of instruction on safety, ordnance color codes and markings, explosives and explosive effects, and basic demolition procedures.
After receiving the EOCA Identification Guide, the students were engaged in daily practical exercises (eight ordnance items per day) to reinforce the contents of the guide.
This phase was a hands-on, performance-based test that required students to conduct EOCA reconnaissance of UXO in a safe and proper manner.
Many combat engineers recommended the addition of more threat mine information to the EOCA handbook and that the Engineer School consider adding more threat mine training or familiarization to Advanced Individual Training (AIT) and Basic Noncommissioned Officer Courses (BNCOC).