FARDCForces Armées de la République Démocratique du Congo
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SSR is a multi-faceted process that requires an assortment of actors with skilled technical expertise that are supported by substantial resources with a broad vision of where SSR is not only headed, but also the problematic evolution of the FARDC as it currently exists.
Last Friday, an Indian 'blue helmet' was killed in a cross-fire amidst clashes between the FARDC and M23 fighters in the town of Bunagana and other nearby locations in North Kivu.
Initially we thought that it was an attack from the M23 group which is made up of the renegade soldiers allied to general Bosco Ntaganda or that they were fighters of the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), but later we learnt that the looting was organized by some FARDC members who had revolted," he explained.
In late August 2008, intense fighting began again between the CNDP and the FARDC in the southern part of North Kivu province, also called the "Petit Nord.
9) In South Kivu and in Ituri, while armed militias unconnected with the state are the main perpetrators of sexual violence, close to 20% of all cases of sexual violence are, according to reports, committed by the FARDC and the PNC.
In late August and early September, MONUC intervened three times to facilitate a ceasefire in Masisi and Rutshuru, where clashes between the FARDC and dissident general Laurent Nkunda's Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) forces were taking place.
The presence of FARDC troops is expected to further stabilise the
Following the Security Council briefing, Kobler addressed reporters and stressed the importance of strengthening joint operations between FARDC and MONUSCO against all armed groups.
The FARDC (Congolese army) has been attacking us since 6 am (0400 GMT) with mortars, tanks and rocket launchers in the Mutaho area," M23 military spokesman Vianney Kazarama told AFP.
Les FARDC nous ont attaque depuis les alentours de la cite de Ntamungenga.