SSR is a multi-faceted process that requires an assortment of actors with skilled technical expertise that are supported by substantial resources with a broad vision of where SSR is not only headed, but also the problematic evolution of the FARDC
as it currently exists.
Last Friday, an Indian 'blue helmet' was killed in a cross-fire amidst clashes between the FARDC
and M23 fighters in the town of Bunagana and other nearby locations in North Kivu.
Initially we thought that it was an attack from the M23 group which is made up of the renegade soldiers allied to general Bosco Ntaganda or that they were fighters of the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), but later we learnt that the looting was organized by some FARDC
members who had revolted," he explained.
When we arrived at the FARDC
camp, I immediately felt out of place.
In late August 2008, intense fighting began again between the CNDP and the FARDC
in the southern part of North Kivu province, also called the "Petit Nord.
9) In South Kivu and in Ituri, while armed militias unconnected with the state are the main perpetrators of sexual violence, close to 20% of all cases of sexual violence are, according to reports, committed by the FARDC
and the PNC.
In late August and early September, MONUC intervened three times to facilitate a ceasefire in Masisi and Rutshuru, where clashes between the FARDC
and dissident general Laurent Nkunda's Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) forces were taking place.
The presence of FARDC
troops is expected to further stabilise the
Following the Security Council briefing, Kobler addressed reporters and stressed the importance of strengthening joint operations between FARDC
and MONUSCO against all armed groups.
But the primary responsibility rests with the FARDC
(the armed forces of DR Congo) and the government of the DRC.
(Congolese army) has been attacking us since 6 am (0400 GMT) with mortars, tanks and rocket launchers in the Mutaho area," M23 military spokesman Vianney Kazarama told AFP.
nous ont attaque depuis les alentours de la cite de Ntamungenga.