In the first experiment, a sinusoidal speed and sinusoidal direction angle references are chosen for testing FOPI and PI controllers.
In this paper, an experimental study on the application of FOPI controller to a four-wheel skid-steering mobile platform under the different references was presented.
It can be shown that the following formulation is equivalent to this definition of TC (see FOPI, 2006):
1])', is assumed to be multivariate normally distributed with individual means of zero and the variance--covariance matrix [SIGMA] (see FOPI, 2004):
FOPI (2006) describes the scenarios as events that occur with a low frequency but have a severe impact on the risk-bearing capital of an insurance company.
C, which equals the probability-weighted average of the individual distributions (see FOPI, 2006):
Furthermore, investment limits have been retrieved from the applicable regulatory directives (see FOPI, 2008).
The sensitivities of RBC are its partial derivatives with regard to the risk factors (see FOPI, 2006),
9) For a discussion of valid approaches to the market-consistent valuation of insurance liabilities, refer to FOPI (2004).
13) Through this assumption, potential scenario-induced deformations of the distribution, such as changes in skewness and kurtosis, are ignored (see FOPI, 2006).