3 shows that the inhabited forest group of Gwaai, Bembesi and Gwampa was most affected by human agency that characterized the FTLRP leading to excessive clearance for settlement and agriculture.
The Fuller, Kazuma and Pandamasuie group was not affected by forest invasion associated with the FTLRP and their level of degradation remained moderate with the exception of Fuller which was reported to be very degraded.
Government programmes such as the FTLRP led to Gwampa, Gwaai and Bembesi forest areas becoming melting pots where people of different cultures and traditions came together and settled in the same geographical area.
The unfavourable weather conditions that characterised the years prior to and after the launch of the FTLRP could not have come at a worse time.
Also belonging to the third category were 450 newly resettled farmers (65 per cent of category, 13 per cent of total) whose capacity to produce food and earn adequate incomes had been hit hard by a lack of preparedness resulting from the FTLRP.
Before the FTLRP there was a host of administrative, regulatory, legislative and informal controls that made entry into the gold panning arena an arduous and cumbersome, if not dangerous, enterprise (Kamete 1999).
Political divisions among the SADC governments (Angola, in particular, that had militarily intervened with Zimbabwe and Namibia in the DRC, backed Mugabe within SADC, while Botswana criticised the FTLRP for its negative effects on the entire region), the sensitivity of the land issue across Southern Africa, and Mugabe's determination to avoid any foreign interference in the internal affairs of Zimbabwe made the search for a solution to the crisis in Zimbabwe a very difficult and sensitive issue for SADC.
In the second place, SADC started debating the problem of land reform in Zimbabwe when the political situation in the country had already deteriorated to such a point that the national leadership had made the FTLRP the mainstay of its strategy to remain in power.