In order to research transnational agenda-setting processes, I conducted a two year qualitative study of the process by which women's peace NGOs set agendas at the NGO Forum '95, the FWCW and its preparatory conferences.
When the peace caucus: 1) added de-colonization to the list of caucus priorities; 2) requested that she facilitate a peace caucus meeting; and 3) invited her to participate in a peace caucus sponsored press conference; and 4) read a nuclear testing protest letter in the assembly of the FWCW, she changed her strategy to collaboration.
Women's contributions to environmental management have often taken place through grassroots and youth campaigns at the local level, where decentralized action on environmental issues is most needed and decisive, according to the FWCW platform.
The FWCW platform further argues that women "too often remain marginalized in policy-making and decision-making bodies," and suggests that a lack of appropriate education and training may be at least partly responsible.
The FWCW Mission Statement begins, tellingly, with the simple declaration that "The Platform for Action is an agenda for women's empowerment.
The FWCW launched an action campaign that women and NGOs are taking back to every corner of the globe.
Throughout the FWCW, Earth Negotiations Bulletin reported that terms such as "empower women," "safe motherhood," "violence against women," and other phrases including "educating the girl child" came under serious scrutiny.
For all the consensus that is spoken of with regard to the final Document that emerged, there were four hours of "reservations" (dissenting comments) before the 1995 FWCW was gaveled to a close.
At the FWCW
the following year, 179 governments agreed to a Platform for Action to secure women's human rights and to eliminate discrimination and violence from women's public and private lives.
7) At the same time, the South African government participated in shaping the consensus on reproductive health and rights at the ICPD and FWCW.
The ICPD in 1994 and the 1995 FWCW recognised the importance of including men in sexual and reproductive health for several reasons: men themselves have sexual and reproductive health needs; women's health cannot be improved without men's involvement, particularly in the areas of HIV/AIDS and contraception; and without men's involvement, gender equality cannot be achieved.