held discussions on whether Australia could reprocess or store nuclear waste from other countries, but found there was no economic justification.
At the other end of the spectrum, the GNEP
proposal has interested parties working in concert, with some IAEA oversight and coordination; "multilateral" in this case simply refers to the plurality of participants and the cooperative nature of the effort.
Since it was unveiled by the Department of Energy in February 2006, GNEP
has generated significant debate on a number of fronts, including the degree to which the technologies it is promoting are in fact proliferation-resistant, waste management challenges, the merits of moving quickly toward commercial-scale facilities, and nonproliferation risks associated with recycling plutonium.
program is an interesting idea that would go even further.
places a larger requirement on the Americans to reprocess spent cores, partly to reduce waste, and partly to supply new fuel.
Two of the four industry groups that have received funding under GNEP
proposed evolutionary technologies for recycling spent fuel in existing reactors even though the GNEP
strategic plan ruled out such technologies.
In short, GNEP
seeks to expand nuclear power capabilities with advanced technologies to effectively and safely recycle spent nuclear fuel without producing separated plutonium.
calls for the promotion of effective utilization of nuclear energy resources through recycling of spent nuclear fuels from light water reactors and generating electricity with an advanced reactor that consumes transuranic elements as part of its fuel.
While primarily aimed at designing specific industrial process on a plant scale, they can also be applied to large scale global programs, such as DOE's GNEP
envisages new technologies (such as new forms of reprocessing) and an effort to get nuclear power to developing countries.
is a program with outstanding goals: transforming the global nonproliferation regime, and enabling the substantial expansion of nuclear energy while keeping waste generation inside the capacity of a single repository site.
Under the GNEP
, nuclear fuel would be supplied to energy-hungry countries and taken back, spent, by the supplier in order to preclude its reprocessing for weapons.