Continuing to endorse the approach of the GPEI
to regard Pakistan and Afghanistan as one epidemiological block with poliovirus corridors that span the two countries, the IMB emphasized on continuing action by the governments of the two countries to work cooperatively to secure strong cross-border arrangements for polio vaccination.
guidelines about reporting and classification of VDPVs were last updated in August 2016 (http://polioeradication.
Through the work of GPEI
and donors which includes New Zealand, an estimated 16 million people are active who would have otherwise been paralysed by polio, and the world has saved over US$27 billion in health costs.
Thanks to the incredible efforts of Rotarians, governments, health workers, partners and donors - including those who have gathered at the Rotary Convention in Atlanta - we are closer than ever to making history," said Chris Elias, Global Development President, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and Chair of the GPEI
Polio Oversight Board.
1 The extraordinary success of the GPEI
has motivated the global community to completely eradicate polio from the remaining two endemic countries.
But it is also important to ensure that valuable assets and practices built up by the GPEI
over time are not squandered once polio is gone.
Yet the position of the GPEI
differs from the equally unstable political conditions during the final years of the Smallpox Eradication Programme (SEP) in Nigeria, which coincided with the Nigerian Civil War (1967-70); in October 1968, those representing the Republic of Biafra-the south-eastern secessionist group-asked the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the World Council of Churches to enter the area to carry out smallpox and measles vaccination (Fenner et al.
Since 1988, the GPEI
has implemented a four-pronged strategy across the globe to detect and stop the transmission of poliovirus through surveillance and immunization: acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance, oral polio immunization through the routine immunization system that provides vaccination for all antigens, supplementary polio immunization, and mop-up campaigns in which teams return immediately after a supplementary immunization campaign to areas shown to have inadequate coverage of oral polio vaccination (OPV).
And finally, and predictably, there's money--the GPEI
has a funding shortfall of US$1.
The WHO's paper, issued in July this year, on financial resource requirements 2013-2018 for global polio eradication initiative, also known as GPEI
, says the WHO's budget for the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan was $5.
Given the gravity of the situation, last year, the World Health Assembly declared polio a public health emergency, and urgently called for all 194-member states to fully fund the GPEI
to meet the $945 million gap in its budget for 2012-13.
has developed an overarching framework for insecure areas that is being tailored to each setting.