In our study, GSNO or motor exercise provided neuroprotection, reduced neuronal cell death, maintained tissue structure, and aided functional recovery by stimulating the expression of neuronal repair mediators," said lead investigator Avtar K.
An ideal therapy would ameliorate the injury in both phases and therefore include a combination of rehabilitation and an agent that provides both neuroprotection and repair, such as GSNO.
The first group received no treatment; the second group was treated with exercise; the third group with GSNO; the fourth group received both exercise and GSNO treatment; and the fifth group received a sham treatment.
Administration of GSNO not only reduced brain injury but also improved neurological scores.
acts as both an intracellular and intercellular NO carrier.
1 shows typical sensor response patterns to blood collected using the covered and exposed sampling devices from the same animal, followed by the standard addition of 3 [micro]mol/L GSNO
to the diluted whole blood sample.
Drugs that increase GSNO
levels could offer a new way of treating the airway obstruction in asthma, the researchers reported in the journal Science.
Although in physiologic conditions GSNO represents a small part of total glutathione ([GSH.
Because the RPC-CVGAFS method is based on the interaction of a mercurial probe with GSH, it was important to investigate the behavior of GSNO to understand whether the eventual presence of GSNO in the sample affects the measurement of reduced GSH or of GSSG.
When the GSNO concentration is not known, we suggest that the oxidized glutathione ([GSH.
4] Nonstandard abbreviations: CysGly, cysteinylglycine; GSH, reduced glutathione ([gamma]-L-glutamyl-L-cysteinylglycine); Hcy, homocysteine; PHMB, p-hydroxymercuribenzoate; DTT, dithiothreitol; GSNO, nitrosoglutathione; GSSG, glutathione disulfide; TFA, trifluoroacetic acid; RPC, reversed-phase chromatography; DCM, dilated cardiomyopathy; DAD, diode array detector; CVGAFS, cold vapor generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry; and LODc, concentration detection limit.
They increase levels of GSNO
, an S-nitrosothiol that plays a central role in health and disease.