Born at Tiel in Gelderland
(1765), and entered the Dutch army in 1781; fled to France for political reasons and joined the French army (1787); saw frequent active service during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, especially in Spain (1808-1813) and as a major general in the defense of France (January-March 1814); fought for the Dutch army during the Hundred Days (April-June 1815) and commanded the 3d Division of the Dutch Army at Waterloo (June 18); as governor of the citadel in Antwerp, he bombarded the city (October 27, 1830) during the Belgian Revolution (August-December); held the citadel against Marshal Gerard's French army (November 29-December 23, 1832), but was forced to surrender; retired from active service (1841) and died in 1849.
The ten regional channels distributed free-to-air via ASTRA are: Omrop Fryslan, RTV Noord, RTV Drente, RTV Oost, Omroep Gelderland
, RTV Noord-Holland, RTV Rijnmond, Omroep Zeeland, Omroep Brabant and L1 Radio-TV.
Marly, Bader, Bardi, Bench (Benders), Brianform, Bruhl + Sippold, Brunstad, BW Bielefelder, Calia, Capdevielle, Cappellini, Chateau D'Ax, Christie Tyler, Cierre, Collins & Hayes, Confort, Confortluxe, Cor, Cornwell Parker, CTS, De Sede, Dema, Di Tre, Dieter Knoll, Divania, Doimo Salotti, Durlet, Duvivier, Echevarria, Ekornes, Elastoform, Elle Salotti, Erpo, Ewald Schillig, FM Polstermobel, Fredericia, Frighetto, Frommholz, Gelderland
, Gepade, Giorgetti, Granfort, Himolla, Hjellegjerde, Hukla, Hukla, Hummel, IDP, Interline Italia, Intertime, Italcomfort, Jori, Joynson Holland, K.