HMCIPHer Majesty's Chief Inspector of Prisons (Scotland)
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It sought to improve upon existing data, which were known to be seriously flawed (see Liebling 1992; HMCIP 1990; Liebling and Krarup 1993).
Those who are most vulnerable are exposed to a highly demanding environment in which survival skills are highly valued and indications of weakness or helplessness may bring about verbal and physical abuse, theft, taxing, sexual violence, and psychological torment (see Liebling 1992: 145-9; McGurk and McDougal 1986; Feld 1977; Howard League 1992; HMCIP 1993; Liebling and Krarup 1993: 81-3).
HMCIP teams, whose mandate is very much broader than the CPT, take two days to carry out a short inspection of a single prison.