This study shows, for the first time in Mozambique, an extremely high prevalence of HRMOs in Gram-negative uropathogens from hospitalised children with a UTI.
Presumably our results are not representative of HRMOs in outpatients or the general population of the country, and it would be of value to investigate the prevalence in both these groups.
19] We found that the risk of UTI with HRMOs has an OR of 1.
We were unable to show an association between HIV status and the presence of UTI with HRMOs in hospitalised children, in keeping with previous results showing no significant effect of HIV on the presentation of UTI in children.
23] Polymerase chain reaction techniques would be required to characterise resistance genes and determine clonal relatedness of the isolated HRMOs in our study.