IAP2 - What does IAP2 stand for? The Free Dictionary
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These forms of communication reflect the lower end of participation (Inform) on the IAP2
An appropriate level of public participation should be selected using a tool such as the Public Participation Spectrum developed by the IAP2
In the IAP2
spectrum, the steps are "inform," "consult," "involve," "collaborate," and "empower," with more delegatory power accorded to citizens as one moves through the continuum from left to right (international Association for Public Participation 2012).
PPGIS practitioners tend to use the ladders of public participation as the conceptual framework to guide public participation (Arnstein 1969, Weidemann and Femers 1993, IAP2