, a seven-nation team made up the Antarctica's Gamburstev Province (AGAP) project, consisting of scientists from Australia, Canada, China, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.
The third IPY
in 1957-1958 was an International Geophysical Year.
ran over two years (2007-09) to enable one full year of research to be conducted at each pole.
Life expectancy in Arctic populations has greatly improved since the last IPY
2007-2008 aims to raise the awareness, interest, and understanding of polar residents, educators, students, the general public, and decision makers worldwide.
Involving 50,000 people from 63 nations in more than 200 Arctic and Antarctic projects, IPY
will broaden and deepen our understanding of how the world works, and leave a legacy of enhanced observing networks, international partnerships, and a new generation of inspired and informed young scientists.
Only by studying the poles, say IPY
researchers, can we find ways to protect them and ourselves.
Collaborators worked under the IPY
Space Task Group, which included NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA), Canadian Space Agency (CSA), Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, the Alaska Satellite Facility in Fairbanks, and MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates of Richmond, British Columbia, Canada.
The gold medal was awarded based on the fourth IPY
being the largest ever scientific program that focused on the Arctic and Antarctica.
The science of IPY
has been driven by researchers from 63 nations, motivated by urgency and a need to understand the poles and their relation to the rest of the planet.
Scientists hope that IPY
will improve understanding of how the world works, and provide more observation networks and international partnerships.
He noted that the IYPE and the IPY
initiatives would provide many opportunities to raise the profile of Earth Sciences with decision-makers as well as the public at large.