THE THORPEX IPY
CLUSTER OF PROIECTS WITHIN THE ARCTIC
, a seven-nation team made up the Antarctica's Gamburstev Province (AGAP) project, consisting of scientists from Australia, Canada, China, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.
The third IPY
in 1957-1958 was an International Geophysical Year.
ran over two years (2007-09) to enable one full year of research to be conducted at each pole.
Life expectancy in Arctic populations has greatly improved since the last IPY
2007-2008 aims to raise the awareness, interest, and understanding of polar residents, educators, students, the general public, and decision makers worldwide.
Involving 50,000 people from 63 nations in more than 200 Arctic and Antarctic projects, IPY
will broaden and deepen our understanding of how the world works, and leave a legacy of enhanced observing networks, international partnerships, and a new generation of inspired and informed young scientists.
During the IPY
, which will last until March 2009, thousands of researchers from more than 60 countries will conduct more than 200 projects and expeditions to both the top and bottom of the world.
The IGY focused on geophysics in the Antarctic, but the IPY
is looking at both polar regions in a much broader way, taking in biology, ecology and human health.
To have any hope of understanding the current global climate and what might happen in future," reads the IPY
Web site, "the science community needs a better picture of conditions at the poles and how they interact with and influence the oceans, atmosphere and land masses.
was a tremendous achievement in coordinated scientific endeavour and led to the discovery of a belt of intense auroral activity across the southern arctic, from Alaska to Hudson Bay.
VARIES BY ETHNIC GROUP: PROPOSED EXPLANATIONS FOR THE DIFFERENCES