As Felmley notes, women's success at ISNU was due entirely to the fact that they mature quicker, are more industrious, and are more "sensitive to social incentive" than men (2); men, meanwhile, are more varied in their intelligence than women.
At ISNU, this national conversation had both institutional and individual consequences.
My research into the work of the Sapphonian Society at ISNU draws from the archive of their faculty advisor June Rose Colby's published and unpublished works, and from the society's meeting minutes, club notes published in the student newspaper, yearbook reports, and alumni magazines.
Such sentiments were echoed in the early twentieth century as well; thus it is not surprising that Colby used the Sapphonian Society to provide ISNU women with the same sense of camaraderie and empowerment she felt when she first joined the ACA.
Felmley's aspirations for ISNU included offering a bachelor's degree, a "rise in status" that Christine Ogren suggests "would erase many of the aspects of the normal's public sphere that challenged gender and social-class boundaries" (200).
In her forty years at ISNU, Colby rarely used her public voice to assert political positions.