Parties to the ITPGR make their own decisions through national legislation about how to protect PGR cultivated by local and indigenous communities.
The difficulty with this "compromise" is the fact that most States Parties to the ITPGR are parties to the TRIPS agreement, which clearly does not allow saving, using, exchanging, and selling farm-saved seed that is covered by IPRs.
Because the ITPGR is the main instrument that recognizes and enumerates Farmers' Rights, it is the guiding document for implementing Farmers' Rights internationally.
National governments have significant discretion under the ITPGR.
One of the goals of the ITPGR was to recognize Farmers' Rights more effectively than the IU did.
2 of the ITPGR leaves the task of implementing Farmers' Rights to national governments.
The ITPGR arose in reaction to the increasingly restricted access to PGR internationally as a result of IPRs and other commercial incentives for the use of PGR.
The ITPGR is the first legally binding document to officially recognize Farmers' Rights.
The ITPGR also asserts that responding to future food supply challenges requires maintaining caches of diverse PGR both in seed banks and farmers' fields.