JBNQAJames Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement
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O JBNQA representou a forma como os indios Cree "demonstraram claramente como um povo de caca pode proceder para definir o seu proprio futuro".
O JBNQA permitiu o controle institucional de politicas sociais pelos indios Cree que se organizaram socialmente para resolver os problemas coletivos e com isto consolidaram liderancas e desenvolveram sua capacidade de autonomia frente aos projetos desenvolvimentistas.
The JBNQA also recognized their right to hunt, fish and trap, and provided the Cree and Inuit with a role in wildlife management and environmental assessment in their territory.
tensions had diminished in the years following the signing of the JBNQA,
the JBNQA 'did not address the problems of equity and participation
Originally signed in 1975, the JBNQA was, according to an INAC News Release, Canada's first modern treaty.
The new agreement also puts an end to lawsuits launched by the Cree concerning implementation of the JBNQA, and allows for more Cree involvement in resource-sector management through development of a Cree-Quebec Forestry Board and a Cree-Quebec Mining Exploration Board.
The JBNQA was ratified by laws passed by the Parliament of Canada and the National Assembly of Quebec.
Generally, then, access to country foods under the JBNQA is limited to beneficiaries.
On lands in Categories I and II, harvesters who are registered beneficiaries under the JBNQA have preferential access to resources.
Judge Croteau not only decided in the Crees' favor but said Quebec's Forest Act contravened Cree rights that are enshrined in the JBNQA.
But now forestry companies' general and five-year forest management plans will undergo "full and complete assessments and evaluations of their environmental and social impacts on the Crees" in accordance with section 22 of the JBNQA.