I, Article 25(a) makes a co-perpetrator liable for crimes that are expressly part of a plan formulated by a group of which he was a member even though he did not perform every act necessary to complete the crimes.
His perspective is particularly fitting to close this inaugural issue of the JCE
DOCTOR + MAGISTER (24%) ALUMINOS PREGRADO / JCE
(15%) ALUMINOS PREGRADO / CARRERAS (1%) PUBLICACIONES JCE
(35%) FONDECYT / JCE
(25%) DOCTOR + MAGISTER (24%) 95% PROPORCIONAL AL ANO ANTERIOR 5% PROPORCIONAL SEGUN INDICADORES DEL ANO Nota: Tabla derivada de grafico segmentado.
I argue below that JCE
is less a necessary corrective to the doctrine of individual responsibility and more a catchall concept, which contradicts the normal requirements of criminal law that defendants have committed a crime (actus reus) with intention or at least knowledge of that crime (mens tea).
The prestige levels of the JCE
and the JDE were also similar.
Osiel argues that under ICTY jurisprudence, it is "too easy" to convict high-ranking criminals under JCE
and "too difficult" under superior responsibility (p.
In a 3-2 decision, the majority of the Appeals Chamber judges--Justices Jon Kamanda, George Gelaga-King and Emmanuel Ayoola found that Gbao "in his role as ideology trainer for the RUF fighters significantly contributed to the [Joint Criminal Enterprise, or JCE
], as the leadership of the RUF relied on its ideology to ensure and to enforce the discipline and obedience of its forces to the RUF hierarchy and its orders, this being a factor which contributed to the furtherance of the JCE
11) The second JCE
was to murder the able-bodied Bosnian Muslim men from Srebrenica (the 'JCE
6) On the other hand, as one critic of JCE
liability has argued, "[w]hen JCEs
are very large or have circuitous command structures, the accused and the triggerman can be far removed from each other" and "fairness and the need to establish legitimacy oppose allowing JCE
[liability] to become a doctrine of guilt by association.
El conglomerado forestal sueco-chileno JCE
decidid sacar partido del aserrin y viruta de pino radiata de uno de sus aserraderos para producir pellets a traves de su empresa Andes Bio Pellets, que este ano enviara casi 50,000 toneladas a Europa.
Movies presentation, in association with JCE
Movies (Hong Kong)/Huayi Brothers Film Investment Co.
NITROX Processors and NITROX XL Accelerator Boards with JCE
software will accelerate security processing for Java based Web applications by up to 5X.