The goals of the JRTN are the return to power of the Ba'ath party and the safeguarding of Iraqi sovereignty through the simultaneous end of the strong Iranian influence in Baghdad.
What is clear, however, is the increasing tension between former the Ba'ath party, JRTN factions and ISIS.
Passions were ignited recently after a raid by Shi'ite forces on a Sunni protest camp in the KRG-claimed Kirkuk province's town of Hawija, a JRTN base, left 60 dead and over 100 wounded.
In the wake of the Hawija and subsequent massacres in which over 260 were killed, most Sunnis say they are ready to join JRTN to fight a Maleki government they regard as a Safawi dictatorship.
The JRTN has capitalized on the unpopularity of Qaeda and its foreign fighters, whose brutal tactics and enforcement of a strict version of Islam out of kilter with local traditions has alienated the region's population.
Provincial police chief Major General Jamal Taher Bakr agreed that the JRTN were now "the big threat," surpassing even Qaeda despite its continued mounting of spectacular, mass-casualty bombings.
reportedly contains many ex-Saddam era military officers who were dismissed during the period of U.
It is also a key bolt-hole for Sunni insurgents, particularly the JRTN, and lies near the so-called "trigger line" in Kirkuk province, where government troops and Kurdish peshmerga--"those who face death"--are locked in a heavily armed confrontation along the southern boundary of the largely autonomous Kurdish enclave that spans three northern provinces.
JRTN is determined that post-Saddam Iraq will not fall under Tehran's control following the US military withdrawal in 2011.
demonstrators, and in February 2013 Sunnis linked to the JRTN
Several security sources in Kirkuk Province described die-hard Ba'athist elements in the JRTN
(33) as seeking to reverse Kurdish territorial gains and ambitions by employing methods commonly associated with Sunni insurgent groups, such as IEDs and ambushes.
formally announced its establishment after Saddam Hussein's execution on December 30, 2006, the movement was initially a subject of curiosity because of its apparent connection to the Naqshbandi order of Sufi Islam.