The specialist's ability to maximize political support for the program by manipulating JTPA
awards is constrained by the economic conditions that guide eligibility.
As we see in figure 3, funding for adult training (this includes out of school youth in the JTPA
years) has declined steadily since 1985.
The WIA replaced the myriad of existing job training and development programs administered under the JTPA
(30) with three block grants to the states funding adult employment and training, disadvantaged youth, and adult education and family literacy.
ACS has developed a much more complicated evaluation system than that used in Donahue's JTPA
The reality is that only a small number of adults are receiving training under WIA, and the number has plummeted since states shifted from JTPA
to WIA," he said.
Umeda, president of business consulting firm Muse Associates in Palo Alto, said he founded the JTPA
in light of a steep increase in the local presence of engineers from other Asian countries such as India and China.
But the overall results from the JTPA
and the GAIN studies indicate that, in most cases, training programs increase costs to government but have little effect on clients.
For instance, the city received $6 million in HOME funds for investment in affordable housing; $4 million in JTPA
job training funds; $9 million for community health centers; and $16 million for Head Start.
44) In addition, not all States had completed their transition by summer, which delayed the funding and implementation of the new program even as the JTPA
program funding had expired.
Many of the socio-demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the study population were similar to those identified by the Department of Labor (DOL) Task Force as being Hard-to-Serve under JTPA
(Bar now and Constantine, 1988).
replaced most of its existing private industry councils and service areas under JTPA
with more encompassing workforce boards serving designated workforce areas.
For job seekers, it provides networking, job search assistance, job placement services, on-the-job training, and skills training; JTPA
training programs range from barbering to truck driving to computer-aided drafting and desktop publishing.