In March 1994, at COP2, a tense and political contest between JUSCANZ and the G-77 with the EU countries resulted in Decision II/12.
Decision II/12, however, gave rise to further questions, particularly involving its legal status and enforceability paving the way for another showdown between JUSCANZ and the G-77 and EU in COP3.
The contest between JUSCANZ and G-77 and the EU was coming to a head.
The concern over the lack of support by the US, Japan and other members of JUSCANZ will not necessarily make the Basel Ban difficult to implement.
They said JUSCANZ
, which groups Japan, the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, is fighting for the interests of multinational corporations instead of the general public.
Working through the JUSCANZ delegates, the industry advocated keeping "elimination" out of this specific section of the treaty.
Throughout the negotiations, the European Union supported the inclusion of a precautionary approach to evaluating new chemicals, while the JUSCANZ (and the chemical industry) vigorously resisted, insisting that this approach was "unscientific.
To work on these documents the governments met in regional groups namely the European Union, G 77 and China (mainly governments from Africa and Latin America), JUSCANZ
(Canada, US, Australia, Japan) and the Holy See (Vatican).
Actors such as the JUSCANZ
(Japan, USA, Canada and New Zealand), the EU (European union), SADC, SLAC (Some Latin American Countries and the CAROM took the floor frequently.