Subsequently, the KAAA provided assistance to six additional families giving them 'a bungalow, 6 double farm sites and 3 pigs' in Lam Ti, Tuen Mum (Blackie, 1954: 7).
In this regard, the DAFF and KAAA considered traditional pigsties 'unsuitable' for measuring the productivity of live pig production (Blackie, 1960: 22).
To establish Western pig farming practices in the colonial territory, the DAFF and the KAAA depicted traditional pig farming as backward and unsuitable.
With the support of DAFF experts and agriculturalists, the KAAA introduced an artificial breeding programme to crossbreed local with exotic pig breeds.
Through the Kadoorie Farm, the KAAA produced maps portraying the quantity and distribution of animals, the spatial relationships among donors and receivers, and the spatial deployment of animals and building materials--all facilitating the calculation and planning necessary to manage the colony's food security (see Figures 1 and 2).
The spatial distributions of pigs was supported by a network of technical extension services, animal disease control expertise, lending systems, and research and development resources which were coordinated by the DAFF and KAAA.
Accordingly, the KAAA provided financing and building materials such as bags of cement, reinforcing steel, steel girders, timber, and other building materials to help destitute farmers rebuild communities.
To meet this need, and to further expand pig production, the KAAA and DAFF invented portable pigsties.
Colony-wide, the number of pigs greatly increased from 40,000 in 1951 to 429,000 in 1962 (Wong, 1971: 41-42)--more than a 10-fold increase after the involvement of the KAAA and DAFF in the FIP.
Since pig farmers received technical assistances from the KAAA, pig raising changed from a side production to professional production in the 1970s.
Our co-operative's loan system was learned from the KAAA mechanism which provided more financial resources for farmers to build pigsties and buy fodder crops.
The KAAA loan funds aim at nurturing self-help mentality among pig farmers and assists pig farmers to build better quality pigsties, and to buy veterinary drugs and fodder crops in order to boost the farm's productivity.