KE-ASATKinetic Energy Anti-Satellite System
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Nonetheless, US analysts often take it as given that BMD testing cannot be restricted, and some argue that a narrow KE-ASAT "test ban" would still be an effective and highly verifiable arms-control measure.
Moreover, as evidenced by the 2010 Chinese intercept test, following the storm of criticism China endured in 2007, it seems unlikely that China, India, Russia, France, or any other nation that wished to test a KE-ASAT in the near future would choose to do so against an orbital object at high altitude.
With the understanding, rooted in existing space law, (15) that "outer space objects" include satellites (on orbital trajectories) but not ballistic missiles (on nonorbital trajectories), this language may be taken to proscribe the use of any weapon as a KE-ASAT, unless such an action is "justified by imperative safety considerations.