El Cuestionario LBDQ fue aplicado a oficiales de la fuerza aerea en Estados Unidos y a lideres/directores empresariales (Bass, 1990).
Otros trabajos desarrollados en el area educativa han obteniendo conclusiones similares a las que se desprendieron del cuestionario LBDQ.
In that investigation, the transactional leadership factors of the MLQ were replaced by the Structure Initiation and Consideration scales of the LBDQ.
Although some high correlations had been reported in the literature between transformational leadership and contingent reward (Avolio & Bass, 2004), or between Individualized Consideration as measured by the MLQ and Consideration as measured by the LBDQ (see Seltzer & Bass, 1990), the high magnitude of some of the correlations found in our investigation is surprising, and this casts some doubts on whether transformational leadership is really different from some of the leadership styles analyzed.
Beside its common use on American managers in the USA, the LBDQ instrument has also been applied successfully in Asia.
To the original LBDQ XII instrument, two response dimensions pertaining to "expatriate boss" and "local boss" were added.
Because the LBDQ requires subordinates to rate leader effectiveness on two important dimensions of leader behaviour--initiating structure and showing consideration--it is reasonable to expect that these ratings would correlate with performance appraisal ratings.
However, correlations between performance ratings and selfreported satisfaction were only significant in the areas of satisfaction with supervisors (JDI supervisor scale and LBDQ ratings) and satisfaction with co-workers, also consistent with Mount's (1984b) findings.
To offset possible presentation order effects, four versions of the 95-item LBDQ were developed and employed.
The reverse-scored (polar opposite and negated regular) LBDQ items were first properly scored.
Measures of initiating structure and consideration have included the LBDQ, the revised form XII (LBDQ-XII), the Supervisory Behavior Description Questionnaire (SBDQ), the Leadership Opinion Questionnaire (LOQ), and selected LBDQ-XII items (House & Dessler, 1974; Schriesheim, 1978).
Using task structure and role clarity as moderators, they found that the LBDQ, LBDQ-XII, and the Modified LBDQ-XII supported the hypotheses of path-goal theories, whereas the results involving the SBDQ were the opposite of those predicted.